Written by Mark J. Powers, MD, F.A.C.S., F.A.A.O.S.
There are many underlying causes of hip pain with the most common being arthritis. Careful clinical evaluation which consists of a history, physical exam and x–rays leads to a diagnosis of the correct pathology in most individuals. Occasionally further diagnostic testing (MRI, CT scan, bone scan, blood test) and repeated examination may be required.
The treatment rendered depends upon the diagnosis as well as the individual’s needs. The majority of hip complaints can be treated with conservative measures consisting of observation, medication, physical therapy, and occasional injections. However, if the disease has progressed to the extent that conservative modalities yield little benefit, surgical intervention may be warranted.
Hip arthritis progressively limits a person’s activities of daily living as well as quality of life. It is a major cause of disability world wide. The advent of modern total hip arthroplasty offers a patient …